David D. Morgan

March 4, 1817 - May 13, 1870

 
 




HISTORY OF DAVID MORGAN
by: Garth R. Morgan, Great, Great Grandson
with added perspective by: Jean P. Morgan

Born in:
Merthyr-Tydfil, Glamorganshire South Wales
4 March 1817

Died at:
Beaver City, Beaver County, Utah
May 13, 1870
Aged - 53 years two months and 9 days

"To be born Welsh is to be born privileged, not with a silver spoon in your mouth, but music in your blood and poetry in your soul."
Old saying in Wales, Author unknown.

The Surname Morgan means "Son of Morgan"
The personal name Morgan being representative of a very ancient Celtic name probably Moricantos "sea bright", which in Old Breton, Old Welsh and Cornish was Morcant. Once everyone was known by a single name but this led to confusion and so an extra name was adopted. Thus a man named John whose father's name was Morgan might be known as John (son of) Morgan. The additional name eventually becoming hereditary as a surname.

Early records mention Isabella Morgan in Berkshire in the curia Regis rolls of 1214. John Morgan in the Northumberland Assuze Rolls of 1279 and John Morgane is Scotland in 1419. Mwynfawr Morgan who died in 665 was regutus of Glamorgan, South Wales. Sir Henry Morgan (1635-1688) was a notorious buccaneer, who was made Governor of Jamaica by the British Government.

The Surname David
The name of the great Israelite king whose story is recorded in the Book of Samuel was adopted early in the Christian era in Wales. It became extremely popular, and remained so throughout the centuries, as a result of being the name of the Welsh patron saint. Its Latin version is "Davidus", resulting in two variants: "Dewydd", leading to "Dewi", was the name by which the saint was usually known and was rarely used as a forename in med. Times; "Dafydd" was widely used and most of the small "Davids" baptised in parish registers answered to "Dafydd" in daily life. As a patronymic surname, "David" continued unchanged in some areas of Wales, but the usual form as a surname became "Davies". (The Surnames of Wales: John & Sheila Rowlands

In memory of David D. Morgan He was born in Methyr, Tydfil, Glamorgan, South Whales on March 4, 1817, the first child of John Morgan and Sarah Davis. David had two brothers; Isaac Morgan, born January 23, 1789 and died March 8, 1842; John Morgan, born 1822 and died in 1824. He had two sisters: Mary Morgan, born January 7, 1825 and died February 14, 1878; Sarah Morgan, born December 21, 1827 and died December 16, 1893. All of the children were born in Merthyr, Tydil, Glamorgan, Wales. Isaac and John died in Merthyr and Sarah died in Bountiful, Davis County, Utah. I am not sure where Mary died.

David married Jane Lewis on December 24, 1842 in Tabernacle Chapel, Tydfil Minor, Glamorganshire, Wales. David and Jane had five children: Sarah Morgan who was born on October 31, 1827 in Merthyr; Joseph Hyrum Morgan who was born on July 16, 1854 in Kansas while the family was crossing the plains; David Alexamder Morgan who was born on February 15, 1856 in Cedar City, Iron County, Utah; Monroni David Morgan who was born on March 25, 1859 in Beaver City, Beaver County, Utah and Eliza Jane Morgan who was born on April 8, 1861 in Parowan, Iron County, Utah

The family crossed the plains in 1854, settling in Cedar City, Iron County, Utah. The family also lived in Parowan and Beaver City, before settling in Greenville.

Jane Lewis died on December 1, 1863 in Greenville, Beaver County, Utah at the age of 40 while David D. Morgan died in Greenville on May 13, 1870 at the age of 53.

HISTORY OF DAVID MORGAN
Author: Garth R. Morgan, Great Great Grandson

"To be born Welsh is to be born privileged, not with a silver spoon in your mouth, but music in your blood and poetry in your soul." Old saying in Wales, Author unknown.
"Singing is in my people as sight is in the eye." Saying from the movie "How Green is My Valley."

David Morgan was born on the 4th of March of the year, 1817, to John Morgan and Sarah Davies (Davis) in Merthyr Tydfil, Glamorganshire, South Wales. John and Sarah were married in Merthyr Tydfil on April 4th, 1816. The witnesses to their marriage were; Jane Morgan and John Hall. (film # 104886) It is not known the relationship between the witnesses to John and Sarah. David was the first child born to John and Sarah. In the registry of births of the Baptist church at Sion Chapel, Merthyr Tydvil, Glamorganshire, the following is recorded for birth certificate #1031:

"These are to certify that David, son, John Morgan & Sarah his wife was born in Rhyd y Carr parish of Merthyr, Glamorganshire the 4th day of March in the year, 1817. Registered by me, D. Saunders. " (film # 1419748)

Also recorded, apparently at the same tine, are the births of David's brother Isaac (born: 25 Jan 1819; Rhyd y Carr) and his two sisters, Mary (born: 7 Jan 1825; Glebe land), and Sarah (born: 31 Dec 1828; Ynysgou). It is not known whether David's parents had neglected to register their children at the time of their births or whether they had moved to a new parish and/or joined this particular religious denomination (i.e., Sion Baptist chapel). The English law to which all religious denominations were subject required the clergy to register all births, deaths and marriages with London each year. This registry is called the Bishops' Transcript. Most chapels kept their own vital records copy as well. Thus, in some instances two copies of a given event can be found. A copy of the Sion Chapel registry shows it was sent to London on or close to April 27th 1837. This date was 9 years after the birth of John and Sarah's last child. It appears then, that they must have moved or changed their religious affiliation; hence, the registration of all their children on the same day.

David's birth and subsequent death date, as recorded on his headstone in the Beaver, Utah, Cemetery, confirms the 4th of March 1817 date to be accurate.

David married Jane Lewis (born: 4 Jun 1823 & christened: 27 Jun 1823) on 24 Dec 1842. The marriage was solemnized in the Tabernacle chapel in the District of Merthyr Tydfil in the Counties of Glamorganshire and Brecknockshire. At the time of their marriage, David is listed as a "bachelor" with the profession of Miner. He lists his residence as George Town, Merthyr Tydfil. No father's name is given. Jane is listed as a "spinster" with no profession and her residency being in Castle Square, Merthyr Tydfil. No father's name is listed for Jane either. Neither David nor Jane was what is termed 'literate' at this time as neither signed their name to their marriage certificate. Both signed by: x mark. David's last name is recorded thus: Morgan with an s on the end. The following witnessed their marriage: William Davies who signed his name and what is assumed to be David's brother, Isaac Morgan: by x mark.

It has been recorded in Morgan family history that David was "one of the working class, while Jane's parents were wealthy and opposed the marriage of this couple" (sketch of the life of Eliza Jane Morgan Barton by her daughter, Eva Barton Easton -- about 1953). One can only speculate that the opposition to the marriage, perhaps due to this economic social class differentiation, may have been one reason David and Jane chose not to include their parent's names on the certificate. It may also be as simple as neglect on the part of the recorder to ask for and record the information.

Jane's mother (Mary Loyd/Lloyd) died sometime between Jane's birth and age two. Her Father, Alexander Lewis, remarried a woman by the name of Mary Traherne on 24 Dec 1825. (film # 104886) It appears that Mary Traherne was the mother to whom Jane had association. At the time of their marriage, David was 2 5 years old with Jane being age 19. (copy: marriage license)

At the time of David's birth and during his growing up years, Merthyr Tydfil was a smoky, booming iron and steel center with surrounding mountains. The mountains were rich in natural resources with an iron mine and several coal mines in the midst of this tiny piece of primitive south Wales. Merthyr Tydfil began its emergence from obscurity about 1765 when Anthony Bacon established the ironworks of Cyfartha that supplied the British Government with canon until 1782. The iron works grew to have seven furnaces besides puddling and rolling mills.

In the "old" days, children went out to work at a very early age. They worked long, hard hours for little pay. They grew up very quickly. Sometimes they had a "bit" of schooling and could write their name but more likely, they could not. They were poor, coming from homes where there might be ten to fifteen brothers and sisters, if they all lived that long. In order to survive, the family needed the extra income that would come in from a child who was working as a domestic servant, dairyman/woman, farm servant, shepherd or miner. Sometimes, the children would come home at night but more often than not, they would live with the family they were working for. But they would send their meager little earnings home to their family.

Some of them worked in factories with poor wages and working conditions. Sometimes there were cottage industries in the home, knitting stockings that were sold to the Hosier, who was a middleman. He bought the stockings and then resold them. (David's marriage record and the family history account previously cited confirm both his lack of schooling {inability to write} and his meager circumstances.)

Employment and working conditions were, therefore, pressing issues for a Welsh family of little means. It seems that David lived all his life in what might be considered an economically "poor" state. David and Jane's frequent moves from town to town after their arrival in Utah provide some support for this claim. These frequent moves were moves made most likely to find fertile soil that would produce a harvest sufficient to support their growing family. (not an uncommon situation experienced by most pioneer families of that time.) The sketch of the life of Eliza Jane Morgan Barton, (David and Jane's last child) by her son Kenneth A. Barton, provides further support for their poor circumstances. ("Of my mother, she came from a background of 'abject poverty' and had to make her way in the world from the time she was twelve years old.")

Dan Jones, a Welshman and Mormon missionary to Wales, was called by President Brigham Young to accompany Apostle Wilford Woodruff along with 10 others and their wives to England six months after the Carthage tragedy where the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. and his brother Hyrum were martyred. Dan Jones, who by prophesy through the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. while in jail in Carthage IL, 27 June 1844, was told "Before you die, you will see Wales and fulfill the mission appointed you." "The year 1845 had barely dawned when Dan arrived in Liverpool, England as a bearer of the restored gospel to his native land of Wales. Elder Woodruff called a special conference in Manchester, England. The presiding Apostle stated that as "Brother Jones had been sent on a special mission to Wales by the Prophet Joseph Smith himself while still living, he wished to see the appointment acknowledged by the conference." Captain Dan Jones was appointed to preside over the Welsh Mission subject to the Presidency of the British Mission.

The Saints that were gathered sustained his appointment. Dan was the only person who could speak, read, and write in the Welsh language among the Mormons outside Wales. (Captain Dan Jones, Barrett, I.J., 1989, p. 73).

"Wales is situated on a two-pronged peninsula southeast of England, one hundred and thirty-six miles long and ninety-seven miles wide. The small country had a population just short of one million people at the time Dan Jones, a former ship's captain, first returned to his native land as a missionary in January 1845. In a land famous for its beautiful pastoral landscapes, castled hills, forests, streams and sylvan paths, Dan chose to commence his missionary labors in the smoky, booming iron and steel center called Merthyr-Tydfil in the midst of a tiny piece of primitive South Wales. Through his missionary influence he converted over 4,000 Welsh people while serving with his wife in his homeland. He served for three years departing with 250 converts on February 21, 1848." (Captain Dan Jones, Hawkes Publishing Inc. 1889, pp 123). It is quite likely that Dan Jones was instrumental in the introduction of the gospel of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints to David and Jane and influential in their decision to be baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.

David was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints by John Roberts on February 7th, 1849 and confirmed by John Thomas on February 18th, 1849. Jane was baptized on August 18th, 1849 by Jonah Richard and confirmed on August 18th, 1849 by Wm. Phillip. David was ordained to the office of priest in the Aaronic Priesthood on June the 11th, 1851 by William Powell. (LDS Records of Georgetown Branch: film #0104170). NOTE: Caution must be taken when assigning this record of ordination to the Aaronic Priesthood to the David of this history. There were other David Morgan's in this branch at this same time period. For example, a David Morgan in his 20's was also from the Georgetown Branch and sailed on the same ship with the David of this history.

As reported in the 1851 Census of Merthyr Tydfil {recorded 30 March 1851} David and his family resided in Merthyr Tydfil. David was 34, Jane 28 and a daughter Sarah reported to be 3 years of age. David was employed as an iron miner (film: #104200)

On 21 September 1851, the Prophet Brigham Young and the First Presidency issued a forceful statement to the Saints to gather immediately to Zion. Following the clarion call of President Brigham Young and the Church leadership, adhering to the command to gather to Zion; it could be assumed that David and his little family began preparation for their emigration to America, the Rocky Mountains and Salt Lake City. A review of names of Saints who used the Perpetual Emigration Fund (P.E.F.) for traveling has proven inconclusive as to whether David and his family utilized these precious Church resources to travel. When examining the Golconda ship rooster, the ship David, Jane, and Sarah sailed on from Liverpool, England to New Orleans, LA, the initials P.E.F. do not appear by David and his family leading one to conclude they may have had their own funds for travel. However, these findings are still inconclusive and require further research.

The Saints emigrating from Europe were given counsel on what items to bring with them.

Those intending to emigrate will do well to take no furniture with them except the necessary articles of beds, bedding, wearing apparel, pots, cooking utensils, etc., which will come in useful both on the ship and on the steamboat, and after they arrive. Do not be encumbered with bedsteads, chairs, tables, stands, drawers, broken boxes, worn out bedding, soiled clothing, rusty tools, etc., but provide a great plenty of good and substantial wearing apparel, bedding, consisting of every necessary article of manufactured goods both for men and women, because these things are much dearer in Western America than in England and no duties will be charged by the American Government on wearing apparel already made up, even if each passenger has several suites of clothes. Everything, which is not designed for use on the passage, should be carefully packed in strong boxes or trunks. Emigrants will not have to pay anything for freight on their usual household goods and furniture on the ocean but it will cost something for freight up the Mississippi River for every article except a certain quantity that is allowed each passenger free as traveling luggage. (Our Pioneer Heritage, Mormon Emigration 1840-1869 p 232)

New Orleans was by far the cheapest route for emigrants to St. Louis, Missouri and up river to Council Bluffs, Nebraska. Emigrating in large companies saved large sums of money. Perhaps the passage money and provisions for each passenger from Liverpool to New Orleans will be not far from four pounds. Children under fourteen years of age traveled for half-price, children under one year traveled for nothing. The money and names of the emigrants were to be forwarded ten days previous to the time of sailing, the passengers and their goods did not need to arrive till two or three days before the time of sailing. Thus, when all things were prepared, they could go immediately on board, and begin to arrange their berths, beds, provisions, etc., and avoid the expense of living in the town of Liverpool. (Our Pioneer Heritage, Mormon Emigration 1840-1869 p.233).

David, Jane and their only child Sarah departed on the sailing Ship Golconda from Liverpool England on 4 February 1854 for the United States of America and the port of New Orleans. This was the second voyage for the Golconda carrying Saints to America and the port of New Orleans. The number of Latter Day Saints sailing on this voyage is listed as 464. The Golconda was 1124 tons, 171 feet X 33 feet X 22 feet. She was one of the three-masters built in Canada and then registered in Liverpool. Her tonnage has been variously listed as 1170, 1087, 1044 and 1224 indicating different basis for calculations. The ship seemed to run in the Tapscott's line. After 1868 she was no longer listed in Lloyd's Register. (Ships, Saints, and Mariners, Sonne, Conway B. U of U Press, 1987, pp. 89-90).

Elder Dorr P. Curtis, assisted by Elders Thomas Squires and W.S. Phillips, presided over the 464 Saints in the company David and his family joined. The emigrants were organized into seven branches, and meetings were held five times a week with many reporting spiritual manifestations. Winds were contrary early in the voyage, but after a few days the weather was favorable which made the crossing pleasant most of the time. After a forty-two-day passage Captain Kerr brought his ship safely to New Orleans on March the 18th, 1854. Two Marriages were solemnized during the voyage, and there was one death.

The following are excerpts from two accounts of the voyage from Liverpool to New Orleans. The first comes from Dorr P. Curtis' journal account, {President of the company). The second is a passenger's view of the voyage {John Johnson Davies}.

DORR P. CURTIS:
We left the shores of Old England, Feb. 4, Zion-wards bound, in good health and spirits. On the same day, we organized our Conference, dividing it into seven Branches. We agreed to call our Conference the "Golconda Emigrating Conference." We appointed meetings to be held five times a week, in which we were richly blessed with the gifts of the Spirit, in tongues, interpretations, visions, revelations, and prophecies, which caused the hearts of the Saints to rejoice exceedingly, and to magnify the name of the Lord their God, that they lived in this day and age of the world, when the God of Israel had set His hand the second time to redeem His people, and gather them from the uttermost parts of the earth, to establish His kingdom, no more to be thrown down.

Set out for west...winds rather contrary for two or three days...turned in our favor...not so much as one storm or very heavy gale of wind during passage...two marriages...one death at sea...love and union amongst Saints in general...arrived safe and sound on Saturday, 18th making passage in 42 days from Liverpool.

Passenger's View:
We left our native land in the month of February, 1854. We crossed the sea in a Sailing vessel. I will relate one circumstance to happen to us on the sea. The Ship was Sailing nisely and no cloud to be seen. The Captain of the vessel was in his cabin. He came up on deck and gave orders to the sailors, and they did work faithful to tye up the sails of the Ship. Then the clouds began to gather and the wind and rain and thunder commenced and the waves looked as big as mountains. And the Ship was tossed about fearful by the waves, I shall never forget that storm. I known that God answered our prayers and saved our lives. We was six weeks coming from Liverpool to neworleans. There was 464 Latter Day Saints on board, besides the sailors.

Stayed in Neworleans few days...left about the last of March...travel up the Mississippi River in a steamboat to St. Louis...stayed two weeks...Cholera started...buried a few brethren and sisters in St. Louis...started from St. Louis about last of April...good view of country on both sides of river...was a great sight to us to see forests of timber and land...had to stop a few times to buri dead...got to Kansas, Missouri in month of May...stayed in Kansas 6 weeks to prepare to travel on plains.

Two ships departed from Liverpool for New Orleans in February of 1854. One left on February 4th {Golconda: Dorr P. Curtis; 464 people} and the other departed on February the 22nd {Windermere: Daniel Garn leader; 477 people). (Our Pioneer Heritage: Mormon Emigration 1840-1869 p 261). When comparing both ships' passenger numbers it is very likely that the account given by John Davies as cited above is an account of the happenings experienced by David, Jane and Sarah as they made their way toward the "promised" land.

Records from the Golconda report David "Morgans", 36, Jane 30 and Sarah 6 as passengers (film #s 200177 & 0543424). The Golconda reached port, landing in New Orleans, LA on March the 18th, 1854. They were checked into the United States Custom House, Room 218, 2nd Floor. David, Jane and Sarah's last name is recorded as "Morgans" on the Customhouse records. At New Orleans three emigrants were quarantined, on the Mississippi; ten died between that port and St. Louis, MO. They departed from the Mississippi River at St. Louis (on the paddle wheeler Australia) traveling up the Missouri River to the Kansas, Missouri Westport outfitting post, the outfitting place selected for the saints crossing the plains that year. Then, the Saints would join wagon trains for the 800-mile trek west to the Great Basin and Salt Lake City. (Ships, Saints, and Mariners, Sonne, Conway B. U of U Press, 1987, pp 89-90)

THE PIER HEAD AT LIVERPOOL, LANCASHIRE, ENGLAND
The following is a list of "Pioneer Supplies" entitled a "Bill of Particulars" included for emigrants leaving "this government" next spring. Each family consisting of five persons were to obtain:

1 good strong wagon well covered with a light box
2 or 3 good yoke of oxen between the ages of 4 and 10 years (neutered bulls)
2 or more milch (milk) cows
1 or more good beefs
3 sheep if they can be obtained
1000 lbs. of flour or other bread or breadstuffs in good sacks
1 good musket or rifle to each male over the age of 12 years
1 lb. Powder
4 lbs. lead
100 lbs. sugar
1 lb. Cayenne pepper
1 lb. Black pepper
1 lb. Mustard
10 lbs. rice for each family
1 lb. Cinnamon
lb. Cloves
1 doz. Nutmegs
25 lbs. salt
5 lbs. saleratus (bicarbonate for raising bread)
10 lbs. dried apples
1 bushel beans
A few lbs. of dried beef or bacon.
5 lbs. dried peaches
20 lbs. dried pumpkin
25 lbs. seed grain
20 lbs. soap for each family
15 lbs. iron and steel
A few lbs. of wrought nails
One or more sets of saw or grist mill irons to company of 100 families
1 good seine (fishing net) and hook for each company for company
2 sets of pulley blocks and ropes to each company for crossing rivers
from 25 to 100 lbs. of farming and mechanical tools
Cooking utensils to consist of bake kettle, frying pan
Tin cups, plates knives, forks spoons and pans as few as will do
A good tent and furniture to each family, not to exceed 500 lbs.
Ten extra teams for each company of 100 families

In addition to the above list, horse and mule teams can be used as well as oxen. Many items of comfort and convenience will suggest themselves to a wise and provident people, and can be laid in the season; but none should start without filling the original bill. (Nauvoo Neighbor, Oct. 29, 1845.)

Additionally, travelers carried tents, saddles, iron for horseshoes and oxen-shoes, nails, leather for harness repairs and for boots and shoes, sacks of garden seeds and buckwheat, and bags of corn, oats and bran to feed the livestock. (Ensign, July 1997, p. 20).

On account of the immense emigration to California and Salt Lake this season, oxen range in price from $75.00 to $110.00 per yoke. The cows from $25.00 to $40.00 per head. The price of wagons in St. Louis is $67.00 and the freightage to Kansas ranges from $6.00 to $12.00 per wagon. The variation in the price of freights is the result of the different stages of the river (water levels making river travel more dangerous for steamships). (Treasures of Pioneer History, "They Came in 1854", p.37).

David and his family, along with many others, purchased the above list of animals and items before being allowed to depart for the Great Basin and Salt Lake City. Brigham Young had established stores managed by the Saints in anticipation of those Saints arriving from Europe and departing for Salt Lake City. The wagon weight with its wagon box, wheels and tongue plus canvas cover weighted about 2,000 pounds. The burden load or amenities listed above for the trip was approximately 1,500 to 1,800 pounds, making the total wagon weight 3,500 to 3,800 pounds or just slightly less than 2 tons. A yoke of four (4) oxen (two teams) could pull on the flat land and over some rolling hills comfortably 4,000 pounds or 2 tons (Following in Their Footsteps, Ensign, July 1997, p. 10). When the wagon trains came to streams and rivers that needed fording or when passing over swampy ground that could not be skirted, the oxen and horse teams from other wagons would be coupled to a single wagon making up four teams to pull the wagons safely to the other side.

There were three wagon trains departing for Salt Lake City within two weeks of each other, one an Independent company and the other two Perpetual Emigration Fund Companies. The Independent company consisted of about fifty wagons with Elder Job Smith as President. They left Westport, Kansas City (the outfitting station) on June the 16th with 217 people and arrived in Salt Lake City on September 23, 1854. The other two companies consisted of about forty wagons each with William F. Carter and Daniel Garn, president of one leaving Westport on July the 2nd, 1854 with 447 souls and arriving in Salt Lake City on October 1, 1854. And Darwin Richardson, president of the other company of 300 souls departing on July 17th, 1854 and arriving in Salt Lake City on September 30, 1854. (Deseret News 1997-98 Church Almanac, p. 171 & Heart Throbs of the West, Kate B. Carter, "They Came in 1854" Vol 4, pp 36, 37).

Job Smith, Captain of the Fourth Company, returning from a mission to Great Britain, took charge of the Independent company of 217 English, Scotch and Welsh Saints, who had crossed the Atlantic Ocean on the ships "Golconda", Windermere", John M. Wood" and "Old England".

The company, which had 45 wagons and much luggage, was organized at Westport (near Kansas City) by Elder William A. Empey, and was out on the prairie ready to start west on June 16th. On the 13th of August 1854 the company was encamped at Scotts Bluffs with captains James Brown and Darwin Richardson and their companies. Twelve deaths occurred in Captain. Job Smith's company en route and the main body arrived at G.S.L. City September 23rd. No roster of the company has been found. (film: 1259741) Travel days totaled 86 days with 15 Sundays, the Sabbath was a day of rest for pioneers and their animals.

Captain Daniel Garn, released from presiding over the German Mission, had charge of a company of 477 emigrating saints who crossed on the ship "Windermere". After arriving with his company at Westport, he was appointed to take charge of a company of P.E. Fund emigrants to who were added some German saints. He was assisted by Elder William F. Carter. Captain Garn and his company with about forty wagons, left Westport July the 2nd. The company arrived in Salt Lake City on 1 Oct 1854 and camped on Union Square. No roster of the company has been found. (film: 1259741)

Dr. Darwin Richardson, a former member of Zion's Camp, was captain of the third company, one of the P.E. Fund groups, which consisted of about 300 emigrants, most of whom had crossed the Atlantic Ocean in the ships "Golconda", Windermere", John W. Wood" or Old England". With forth wagons the company left the campground near Kansas City about June 17th. A number of the emigrants in Capt. Richardson's company suffered with scurvy and thirty are said to have died. They arrived in Salt Lake City on 30 Sep 1854 and camped on Union Square. No roster has been found. (film: 1259741)

As stated previously, it is not clear whether David and his family had sufficient funds to travel with the Independent Company or whether they traveled using the P.E.F. funds. Funds that were put aside by the Church for those with insufficient funds for travel with the understanding the money would be paid back to the church to help other saints emigrate. Again, the "Golconda" roster shows no P.E.F. initials next to David and his family as can been seen next to other passengers on the ship rooster. This leaves one to speculate they may have been with Captain Job Smith's company.

When the family departed Liverpool, England for Salt Lake City, Jane was expecting their second child. It is likely that at the time of their departure from Kansas City Jane, in her delicate condition (close to delivery) and Sarah walked while David drove the oxen team pulling their wagon. Riding in an ox pulled wagon meant one could have a very bumpy and jarring experience. Walking beside the wagon would have given much relief from the constant up and down, side to side jarring. Joseph Hyrum Morgan made his entry into the world on July the 16th, 1854 while the family was in route. The exact location for his birth is unknown. There are no known family history stories giving this information. For those of us having the opportunity to live in the 20th/21st Century, with our sterile, antiseptic hospital experience of childbirth, to think of giving birth in a wagon while the wagon moves slowly along a dusty, bumpy, landscape puts one in awe and admiration for our pioneer mothers and the courage and dedication they exhibited as they went through this "shadow of death" experience in order that their posterity might enjoy the fruits of the gospel as a united group within the protective arms of the rocky mountains. For Jane, giving birth while traveling across the plains was not unique as many of her pioneer sisters shared in this same experience. This shared birth experience no doubt made it easier to bare the burdens of childbirth as sisters in the gospel rallied to help one another, serving in their own unique way.

When pioneer Saints told their grandchildren they walked across the plains, it was more a statement of fact by them rather than comment about hardship. In reality, to ride more than 1,000 miles in a covered wagon instead of walking would have been a genuine hardship. The wagons had no shock absorbers, so the hard, bumpy ride could loosen teeth, jar kidneys and bruise tailbones. To ride inside a canvas-covered wagon all day long in the sun would have been at times like sitting in a baking oven. Furthermore, wagon wheels roiled up dust clouds that sometimes enveloped the wagons. Oxen could go only travel about two miles per hour, but people could walk about three miles per hour. So many walked ahead of the wagons, where they sometimes visited and explored. Most did not envy those who had to walk beside or drive the wagon-pulling oxen. (Ensign, Oct. 1997, pp. 18-19).

Although the pioneer experience meant that they would face blisters, sore muscles, sunburn, chapped lips, constant dust and dirt, mosquitoes, bland and sometimes poorly cooked food, diarrhea attacks, wagon and livestock problems, wind, rain, heat, mud, stretches without firewood, and places with bad water, most adapted rather well to the long trek and frequently managed to enjoy themselves by socializing, singing, dancing, telling tall tales around the campfire, sometimes even playing pranks on each other, picking flowers and berries, sharing recipes and utensils, doing creative cooking, reading books, writing letters, keeping diaries, and sewing. (Ensign, Oct. 1997, p. 9).

The wagon trains traveled single file only where terrain would not permit wagons to spread out. Sometimes wagons traveled two, four or five abreast. This eliminated following in a well traveled rut and reduced the dust clouds. Traveling abreast also was done to discourage Indian raids. Some wagons passed other wagons. Mud and grass fires necessitated alternate routes. Because the wagons often fanned out, wagon ruts are found in just a few places today. Only when all the wagons in a company had to pull hard uphill through a narrow area single file did they really cut ruts deep into the ground. (Ensign, Oct. 1997, pp. 18-19).

The number of emigrants traveling west at this time was about equal, those traveling to Oregon and California and Mormon converts coming from Europe. The wagon trains moving west would follow much the same route traveling the Oregon Trail. Latter-Day Saints (1847) actually blazed only the trail route through the western half of Iowa and short segments in eastern and central Nebraska and in parts of Utah. Brigham Young had organized way stations for replenishing the needs of the Mormon wagon trains at specific intervals along the entire route. Additionally, these way stations sold supplies to other travelers moving west. This revenue helped the Saints in their westward migration. In 1854, when David, Jane, Sarah and baby Joseph Hyrum made their trek to the Great Basin the route traveled was much like a highway today with traffic going in both an eastward and a westward direction.

When the wagon trains reached the Platt River in Nebraska the Mormon wagon trains traveled along the north side of the river while the other travelers on their way to Oregon or California generally traveled the south side. Grasses for feeding livestock would become scarce during the summer therefore the Saints chose the north side while the other wagon trains kept to the south side. The alternating scheme of wagon trains allowed the grasses to recover between the respective wagon trains traveling about a week or more apart. The famous rock formation, Chimney Rock, stood on the south side of the North Platt River and could be seen for several days before reaching the giant monument. Chimney Rock, 452.5 miles from Winter Quarters, marked the "psychological" halfway point from Council Bluffs to Salt Lake City (1,031 miles). (Winter Quarters was abandoned in 1848 at the direction of Brigham Young, which was located on the south side of the Missouri River across from Council Bluffs). Orson Pratt noted in his journal (May 26, 1847) that the Chimney Rock formation was 260 feet from base to the summit putting the wagon train now at 3,790 feet above sea level. Leaving the Platt the companies traveled overland to reach their next lifeline of water, the Sweetwater River. (Our Pioneer Heritage, Mormon Emigration 1840-1869, Latter-Day Saints Emigrants' Guide, p.277-293).

William Clayton, author of the Latter-Day Saints Emigrants' Guide, wrote in his preface:
"Emigrants have lost many of their teams in the neighborhood of the Alkali lakes, in consequence of not knowing the distance from any one of these lakes to good water. By paying attention to the remarks in this work, a person need run no risk, inasmuch as all the Alkali lakes, which are near the road, are mentioned -- and, also the places where an encampment can be found with safety." (William Clayton, St. Louis Mo.13th March 1848).

This valuable written work helped not only Mormon wagon trains to cross the plains. But additionally, other wagon trains used the book to help them over the riggers of the trek west.

On the 13th of August 1854 the Job Smith Company was encamped at Scotts Bluffs with captains James Brown and Darwin Richardson and their companies. Baby Joseph Hyrum, being born on July the 16th could very likely have been born between Ash Hallow (380.75 miles from Westport), and Chimney Rock, Nebraska (452.5 miles from Westport). Jane and her new baby boy most likely were bedded down in the hot wagon while David walked along beside the wagon with Sarah. The canvas cover would be rolled up allowing air movement through the wagon. Drivers of oxen seldom rode the wagon. Oxen were yoked to the tongue of the wagon and driven with a switch. Family history states that "when Joseph Hyrum was three days old, Jane had to get out of the wagon and help push it along". (Sketch of Life of Eliza Jane Morgan Barton by Eva Barton Easton -- about 1953) This is a good example of how all hands were valuable and necessary regardless of the circumstance one found himself in. Jane, no doubt, was given strength from on high to endure the rigors of this pioneer trek.

From Chimney Rock the wagon train wound steadily upward into the foothills of Scotts Bluff, Nebraska and then on to Fort Laramie across the high plains of Wyoming to Fort Casper and Mormon Ferry, then to Independence Rock and Devil's Gate reaching the Sweetwater River. Mormon wagon trains reaching the Sweetwater River traveled along the north side of the river while wagon trains traveling to Oregon and California travel the south side. The road was sandy and the landscape barren during the Sweetwater River stretch of the trek. Hunters would find antelope but no buffalo. The wagon train gradually entered the Rocky Mountains near Devils Gate.

The next major part of the trek was to top the Continental Divide at South Pass, a gentle saddle 7,550 feet above sea level. A short distance over the pass was the Pacific Springs located on the west. Estimated arrival date would be late August 1854. The water stop was generally used for overnight camping. South Pass was the next way station. The division or fork in the trail where the California and the Oregon trails split was in the western part of what would later become Green River, Wyoming. The Saints well traveled trail veered left toward California along the Little Sandy River. Crossing the Green River the wagon train made their way to the Bear River Divide, 7,700 feet high, the highest point on the Mormon Trail near the present Utah- Wyoming border. Even though the wagon train had crossed the highest points along the trail there were still mountains plus stream and rivers to cross. The train wound their way down Echo Canyon to Big Mountain, to Little Mountain arriving in Salt Lake City sometime between September 23 and October 1, 1854.

After their arrival in Salt Lake City, David being experienced as a miner in Merthyr-Tydfil, even though he is listed as a farmer when entering the United States in New Orleans, probably went to Cedar City to help open the Iron Mountain Mine west of Cedar. This would account for his family being listed in the 1856 Census of Cedar City, Utah. It is not known how long they stayed in Salt Lake City before coming to Cedar City but probably not long as the Saints were sent by Brigham Young or chose for themselves to locate where they felt they could provide for their family. Family history states that "after they reached Salt Lake City they decided to go to Cedar City." (Sketch of the Life of Eliza Jane Morgan Barton by her daughter, Eva Barton Easton -- about 1953). In the 1856 census of Cedar City the following people are listed together as though in one household. Page 636 shows David Morgan with the following: Jane, Sarah, Mary, Joseph H., Isaac, William, Ann, and Eleanor. It is not known whether they are linked together through kinship or friendship. Speculation would say that they are related in some way. For example, did David's brother, Isaac, emigrate with David? Further research is needed to help answer these questions.

Three years after their arrival in the Deseret Territory, their third child and second son, Alexander Morgan, was born on September 15th, 1857 in Cedar City, Utah. Alexander was probably named after Jane's father: Alexander Lewis.

If David came to Cedar City to work in the Iron Mountain Mine, he did not stay in Cedar very long. In 1859 their fourth child and third son Moroni David was born in Beaver, Utah on March the 25th, 1859. And just two years later their fifth child and second daughter, Eliza Jane was born in Paragonah, Utah on April the 8th of 1861. Family history gives the following account of Eliza Jane's birth and shows the ordeals often expected of a pioneer mother to endure as she experienced the rigors of pioneer living. "Mother was born April 8, 1861 in Paragonah, Utah. Her mother was alone at the time Mother was born (in front of the hearth)." (Eliza Jane Morgan Barton as related by her son, Kenneth Asa Barton). Some time after Eliza Jane's birth, the family moved to Greenville, Beaver, Utah, a little farming community situated in what was then considered the "west fields" of Beaver City.

The City of Beaver in Beaver County was settled and established as a city in February 1856. The City of Beaver grew rapidly in business and population until in 1870 the inhabitants numbered 1,207. There was mining and political interests galore. Many dignitaries of note came and went as from a metropolis (Monuments to Courage, 1974, p 95).

The early settlers named Beaver County after the thousands of Beaver found in the river and other streams. The Beaver is also used as the emblem or seal of Beaver County. Beaver County is mountainous with an altitude of 5970 feet, in the eastern or Beaver Valley, and 4962 feet in the western or Milford Valley.

Greenville, a small town located some five miles southwest of Beaver was settled in 1860 by a group of people from Parowan and Cedar City. As early as 1857, however, these people had been coming here to cut the grasses, of which there was abundance, and haul it home to feed their stock through the winter (Monuments to Courage, 1974, p 95). Perhaps this abundance of grasses readily available to feed live stock was one of the reasons David was attracted to this little community and moved his family there sometime after Eliza Jane was born in 1861.

Since the soil at Greenville is of an alkaline nature, it was thought to be unfit for farming, but these people took up the land and built homes and established themselves permanently. At first two families settled in the small settlement. Soon four other families moved to Greenville. They made their camp beneath a clump of trees on the bank of a creek and later secured four log houses at Beaver and moved them down to Greenville to live in. All the houses were placed within a short distance of each other, as a precaution against Indian raids. In 1861-1862 an additional twenty-six families followed from the Cedar City and Parowan areas. The names of each family are noted in the "Monuments to Courage" (Monuments to Courage, 1974, p 155) but the David Morgan family is not mentioned. As a concluding note the author states that there were probably others, but their names at this time do not come to mind.

It is thought by "Aunt Beth" (Ashworth) Morgan that people living on farms west of Beaver, Utah were said to live in Greenville since the residents of the farms attended Church meetings in Greenville, Utah.

Greenville residents' (and surrounding farms) greatest sources of income, as elsewhere in the Beaver Valley, was through farming, dairying and livestock. The early settlers' income, however, was confined, to a very large extent, to just what they could get from products of their farms and gardens. They did have a few cows, but mostly for their own use. Early truck gardeners would purchase garden crops from the surrounding farmers of Greenville and haul them to markets in Milford, Frisco and other locals as far away as Salt Lake City.

David and Jane had not settled in Greenville very long before tragedy struck. On December the 1st, 1863, Jane, their stalwart and faithful mother who had given birth on the plains, birth in a cabin, alone, without the help of her pioneer sisters; birth in other unknown circumstances; who had chosen to leave parents, wealth and security to forge the way for her posterity to have the gospel of Jesus Christ of Later Day Saints among the Saints in the tops of the mountains where they could listen, see and even touch a living Prophet of God; died. Jane was just 40 years of age. Her children, Sarah, age 16, Joseph Hyrum. Age 9, Alexander, age 6, Moroni David, age 4 and Eliza Jane just 2 years old must have felt a deepening loss within. The kind of loss that can be felt when a "Mother" is no longer able to warm the hearth of the home by her presence. Jane was buried in the Beaver Cemetery.

With the death of his eternal companion, David was left with the responsibility of a young family to raise. Stories passed down through the family state that sometime after Jane's death, "David married Pauline Ellicker and two little girls were bon to them." (Sketch of the Life of Eliza Jane Morgan Barton by her daughter, Eva Barton Easton -- about 1953) There is no record to date found of this marriage, however, in the 1870 Census for Greenville there is a Pauline Morgan age 27 with three little girls living next door to David's daughter, Sarah Morgan Griffiths. Sarah's husband David and their two sons: David H. and Joseph H, and Sarah's sister Eliza age 10 and Sarah's brother Alexander age 14 are also living in Sarah's household in this census. Joseph Hyrum age 17 and Moroni David age 12 are not found in the census. It is not known where these two boys were living at this time. Pauline's children are: Pauline G. age 5, Hab... age 4, and Margaret A. age 10 months. Note there are three girls listed instead of two.

David and Jane were endowed in the Endowment House before a temple was dedicated in the territory of Utah. They received their temple Endowments and were sealed in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City, Utah, 8 November 1859 (Church Records - TIB). Their willingness to travel to Salt Lake City to receive their Endowments and Sealing is a perfect example of their obedience to living the principles and ordinances of the gospel. What a marvelous example they have set for their posterity. One showing that gaining a testimony and living the gospel of Jesus Christ of Later Day Saints is worth any sacrifice required.

David survived his wife, Jane, by only seven years. He passed away on May the 13th, 1870 at Greenville, Utah and was buried next to his wife Jane in the Beaver Cemetery. David's death was reported thusly in The Deseret Evening News later to become the Deseret News.

"David D. Morgan died at Greenville, Beaver County, Utah 13 May 1870. He was 53 years, two months and 9 days old at the time of his death. He was a native of Methyr, Tidfyl, Glamorganshire, South Wales. Mill. Star, please copy." (The Evening News, Wednesday June 3, 1879; similarly reported in the Millennial Star, June 28, 1870).

David was buried in the Beaver City Cemetery, Beaver, Utah. David's headstone reads as follows:
"SACRED to the MEMORY of David D. Morgan, Late from Merthyr Tydfil, Glamorganshire, born March 1, 1817, died May 13, 1870, Aged 53 years two months and 9 days."

It is said that each of us have "drank from a well we have not dug, or warmed ourselves round a fire we have not built" (Lloyd Newell -- "The Spoken Word"). Everyone who is a descendent of David Morgan should appreciate the impact that both David and Jane have had in shaping the life they live today. They were the ones who heard the gospel preached by missionaries in Merthyr Tydfil, Glamorganshire, South Wales. They had the courage to be baptized and the faith and courage to leave their country, friends and families, knowing they would never see them again in this life, and sail across a great expanse of water to the Americas. Working their way across the west until they reached their hopes and dreams, settling for a little bit of heaven in a little town known for its green grasses. Their "faith in every footstep" established a legacy for each of their descendents to follow. We now have the responsibility to do as Malachi the prophet in Malachi 4:5-6 has counseled us to do:

5. "Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord;
6. "And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse."

We need to turn our hearts to our forefathers and mothers and as promised by Malachi they will turn their hearts to us and will help us in seeking out their names and histories and will be joyous when we perform the temple work for them. And, let us always remember that it is by "small and simple things" that "great things" are brought to pass (Alma 37:6-7):

6. "Now ye may suppose that this is foolishness in me; but behold I say unto you, that by small and simple things are great things brought to pass; and small means in many instances doth confound the wise.
7. "And the Lord God doth work by means to bring about his great eternal purposes; and by very small means the Lord doth confound the wise and bringeth about the salvation of many souls."

It will take all the families who are descendents of David and Jane Morgan to bring to pass this great work of saving our dead. It is within our grasp to make a bush out of a willow tree by extending our family pedigree.

Immigrants:
Morgan, David D.

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This page last updated on February 21, 2010 .